♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ >> They are part of a new wave of far-right populism... >> NARRATOR: An alarming resurgence... >> In what's believed to be Germany's first far right political assassination since World War II.
>> NARRATOR: Of a violent ideology... >> Deadly terror attack in a town east of Frankfurt.
>> NARRATOR: Correspondent Evan Williams investigates a wave of attacks.
>> Antisemitic attack on a synagogue... >> We're all scared.
We're all furious.
And we're all exhausted.
>> NARRATOR: Terror plots... >> These people would be gathered, transported and then they would be killed, the idea would be to kill them.
>> NARRATOR: An extremist in the police and military.
>> Setting up digital communication to have weapons and ammunition.
So, it was really thought through, it was a military operation.
>> It's not just dangerous because we have blood on the sidewalks, it's also dangerous because it goes to the roots of the democratic system.
>> NARRATOR: Now on "Frontline," "Germany's Neo-Nazis and the Far Right."
♪ ♪ >> That day I was at 11:00 in the synagogue.
It was Yom Kippur.
It was not every day.
It was Yom Kippur.
♪ ♪ We had guests, some of them were from the United States, another from Germany.
♪ ♪ >> A few people I knew were traveling from Berlin to Halle, a place I didn't even know exactly where it was, to celebrate Yom Kippur in a smaller community, and I was happy and curious.
♪ ♪ >> We had more than 50 people in the synagogue.
>> We had actually started reading from the Torah.
A friend of mine was seated in front of me, and I remember hearing this, like, bang.
♪ ♪ >> And then began this terrible story.
>> Germany is in shock after an anti-Semitic attack on a synagogue in the holiest day of the Jewish calendar, Yom Kippur, the Day of Atonement.
>> One person reported seeing somebody dressed in military combat fatigues.
♪ ♪ >> EVAN WILLIAMS: On October 9, 2019, a gunman tried to massacre Jewish worshippers at a synagogue in Halle, Germany.
>> (cursing in German) >> At least two people have been killed in a shooting near a synagogue in the East German city of Halle.
♪ ♪ >> WILLIAMS: He failed to break through the locked door, but gunned down two people who happened to be nearby.
The attack caught German police and intelligence by surprise... (gunshot) >> I think we got a very severe wake-up call.
(gunshot) Right-wing extremism is the most vital threat that we face at the moment in the Federal Republic of Germany.
(gunshot) >> WILLIAMS: ...and left Germany's Jewish community in shock.
>> The image Germany portrays to the outside is that Germany has learned its lesson from the Second World War.
Germany is taking care of its people, among those people, Jewish people.
But what is happening is that anti-Semitism is marching down the streets out in the open and nobody seems to care.
♪ ♪ >> WILLIAMS: Over the past five years, Germany has faced a wave of violence against Jews, Muslims, immigrants, and left-wing politicians.
♪ ♪ I've been covering the far right in Europe for almost a decade.
I'm now investigating what's driving this surge of hate in Germany and whether the authorities are doing enough to confront it.
>> (speaking German): >> (speaking German): >> WILLIAMS: The synagogue shooter was a 27-year-old named Stephan Balliet.
He'd done mandatory service in the German military years earlier and was living with his mother at the time of the attack.
At his trial, a prosecutor described his plan to massacre Jews as "the most despicable act of anti-Semitism in Germany since World War II."
The jury was shown a document police discovered on his computer.
>> He believed in the Jewish world conspiracy.
He thought that Jews are the people who run all the things in the background and then control the world to nefarious purposes.
So he thought attacking Jews on a holy day would send a message because he wanted to kill these people.
>> WILLIAMS: Online extremism expert Miro Dittrich has studied how Balliet was radicalized.
>> The Halle shooter was a person who spent a lot of time on the internet in far-right networks.
He wasn't really connected with offline far-right groups.
He really was radicalized in these digital spaces.
>> WILLIAMS: Balliet spent time on message boards praising far-right extremist ideas and mass shootings, with advice on how to carry them out and tutorials for making weapons.
>> We often see these shooters as lone-wolf, single people carrying out these attacks.
But if you look at the communities they spent their time in, you can clearly see that a lot of people work together on this.
They crowdsource ideas on what targets are the best targets, and what weapons should you use, what materials to create bombs.
And I think that's also the reason why he streamed his attack in English, because there's this global community.
(device chirping) >> WILLIAMS: Balliet's live-streamed video ultimately attracted more than 2,000 viewers.
Many posted supportive comments.
>> There's a huge community of these people.
And it's an international discourse that's happening that's driven by people from the United States.
But a lot of other people from the world are part of this discourse.
And I've seen a huge interest from Germans.
And even if the group's only 80 people strong, at least five people of them are German.
And so far, I've seen no real interest from the German security forces to have a look at these people.
And I think that's really dangerous, because it wasn't a surprise that it happened then, and I still see a lot of interest by these people to have further attacks.
♪ ♪ >> WILLIAMS: Germany's domestic intelligence agency, the BfV, declined to talk to us about the synagogue attack.
But other German security officials told us how hard it is to identify threats like Balliet in advance.
>> You cannot monitor completely the internet.
We, of course, try to be part of the internet communities, and try to identify people, but it is very difficult.
And we don't have a tool that you just need to switch on and everything is fine.
>> WILLIAMS: Stephan Kramer is the intelligence chief in the neighboring state of Thuringia, and is himself Jewish.
He wasn't involved in the Halle case, but he acknowledges that German security services could have done better.
>> We learned on a very hard way, to put it very diplomatic, that we haven't looked at the right platforms, at the right spots on the internet for increasing the chance of identifying people that might be starting to become weird and becoming a lethal threat.
(cameras clicking) >> WILLIAMS: Critics of the police say the investigation and trial were missed opportunities to shed light on the online communities where Balliet was radicalized.
>> I remember over the course of the trial sitting in the courtroom, listening to police officers who were there to testify.
And it was just obvious they have next to no knowledge of right-wing extremism online.
They barely know anything about the whole movement, they barely know the chat rooms and switchboards and how, like, the actual language, the specific vocabulary-- they barely know anything.
>> WILLIAMS: Balliet had spent hundreds of hours playing violent games online.
>> He definitely comes from a gaming community.
And of course, it's really important, not all these games make you violent or anything like that.
But we've seen from this data that he was part of a clan of a game, a group of people who play a certain game together, and the police never really followed up.
Who are these people that he played with?
Were they encouraging him?
We don't know anything about these people.
The federal police officers who testified there-- and it was a real embarrassment-- she had to admit that she doesn't really know anything about games.
>> WILLIAMS: No one from the German federal police would speak to us, but they've defended their investigation as thorough.
For the Jewish community in Halle, the attack was something they'd been fearing for years.
>> It was very, very terrible.
It was panic in the synagogue.
>> WILLIAMS: Max Privorozki is the chairman of the community.
Three years earlier, he had installed the heavy locked door and security camera after police declined to provide officers to guard a religious event.
He says that the police repeatedly told him there was a low security risk.
>> And they explained me that they think that it's not necessary to be present nearby synagogue.
>> WILLIAMS: Halle's police have publicly said that on the day of the attack, they had a regular patrol scheduled, but for later in the day.
If he had managed to shoot through the door, what do you think might have happened?
>> I don't know how many people would be killed.
I don't know.
♪ ♪ >> WILLIAMS: Stephan Balliet was ultimately sentenced to life in prison.
But for many, a climate of fear remains.
>> I don't feel safe at all in Germany.
Among my friends and other Jewish activists, I do not know a single person who is doing okay at the moment.
Nobody is okay.
>> WILLIAMS: Shortly after the attack, Christina moved to Paris.
>> What really gets me, what really infuriates me, is the reaction of some politicians, and especially people in Germany, who are surprised.
They're genuinely surprised when they hear that anti-Semitism is spiking, that Jewish people are being attacked, that we're scared, that we don't really know anymore what to do, because nobody hears us and nobody sees us.
♪ ♪ (crowd cheering) >> WILLIAMS: German society has struggled for more than half a century to come to terms with its Nazi history.
(crowd cheering) In an effort to reckon with this past, Chancellor Angela Merkel has welcomed more than a million refugees into the country since 2015.
>> (speaking German): >> (chanting, blowing whistles) >> WILLIAMS: But the influx has had unintended consequences.
>> (speaking German): >> WILLIAMS: Far-right parties like the Alternative for Germany, the AfD, won millions of new supporters playing on fears of mass immigration.
>> (chanting in German): >> WILLIAMS: And Germany was hit by a new wave of neo-Nazi violence... >> (chanting in German) >> What's believed to be Germany's first far-right political assassination since World War II.
>> WILLIAMS: ...culminating in the assassination of a pro-refugee politician, Walter Lübcke, in the summer of 2019.
>> There is concern about the size, shape, and scope of extremism in the country.
>> (speaking German): >> WILLIAMS: Martina Renner sits on a committee in the German parliament that's been looking into extremism and the government's response to it.
>> (speaking German): >> We have around about 35,000 considered right-wing extremists across Germany.
13,000, 14,000, roughly spoken, considered to be aggressive and violent.
But the problem is, it's like with an iceberg, you see just a small tip on the surface, and the rest is beneath.
(birds twittering) >> WILLIAMS: Over the past five years, some German authorities have been taking steps to confront the evolving threat.
Oh, my God, I just realized that it's an oven!
>> Yeah, it's an Auschwitz oven.
>> WILLIAMS: And it's got Hitler putting the chancellor's head in there.
>> WILLIAMS: Christoph Hebbecker is a state prosecutor who set up the country's first specialized unit dedicated to digital hate crime.
>> Like this.
>> WILLIAMS: That's interesting.
>> Clear neo-Nazi stuff.
>> WILLIAMS: Yeah.
>> With the text: we will cook your Jewish heads while you're alive.
We're seeing normal people who don't have any problem in life, just normal lives, posting really, really extreme content.
That is something which really concerns me.
(continuing in German): >> WILLIAMS: Mindful of its past, Germany has strict laws about anti-Semitism and hate speech.
It's illegal to post Nazi content and illegal to deny the Holocaust happened.
Both are punishable by fines or jail time.
But Christoph Hebbecker says it's been difficult to build cases even as hate flourishes on social media.
>> (speaking German): It's getting even bigger.
I think we have, we have serious problems dealing with the numbers we will see right now.
I don't know how to do it, to be honest.
>> WILLIAMS: What do you see the future being, if it's not controlled or better-prosecuted?
What's going to happen in the real world?
>> It will not stop with words.
From time to time, words are getting into actions and we will see this number growing.
It will not stop at words.
♪ ♪ >> (speaking German): >> WILLIAMS: A few weeks after I arrived in Germany, a new far-right terrorism trial was underway.
>> (speaking German): >> WILLIAMS: 11 men appeared in court charged with being part of a terrorist organization.
>> (speaking German): >> WILLIAMS: Prosecutors allege the group had collected knives, axes, and guns to attack mosques and kill Muslims.
They are known as Group S. >> (speaking German): ♪ ♪ >> WILLIAMS: Group S members allegedly used Facebook, Telegram, and WhatsApp to recruit and organize.
I've come to the city of Jena in the east of Germany to meet someone who investigates those networks.
>> WILLIAMS: Hello-- Evan.
>> WILLIAMS: How are you?
Katharina König is a lawmaker in the Thuringia state parliament and a prominent anti-fascism activist.
For years, she's been secretly infiltrating and monitoring far-right social media groups like the ones used by Group S. Talk me through, what are you seeing?
>> "Black people, I'll take them as Brennholz."
>> WILLIAMS: "Black people, I'll take them as firewood."
>> Yeah, "I'll take them as firewood," and Hitler.
>> WILLIAMS: With a picture of Hitler.
>> WILLIAMS: Ku Klux Klan.
>> Anne Frank.
(speaking German): >> WILLIAMS: "Freshly baked from the oven" over a picture of Anne Frank.
>> WILLIAMS (softly): Wow.
And you think there are thousands, possibly tens of thousands, of people sharing this material.
It started with Facebook, and now most of the groups are Telegram, some WhatsApp groups.
Maybe 250, 300, but... >> WILLIAMS: 300 groups?!
Some I check ten times a day, because from my point of view, these are important groups.
>> WILLIAMS: What sort of thing are they discussing?
>> (speaking German): I'd say in ten to 20 groups, they talk about terroristic attacks that we had in Germany, in Halle and Mr. Lübcke.
They talk about if it's okay or not okay, talk about... >> WILLIAMS: Do they say it's okay?
>> They say it's okay.
Especially Halle, they said... >> WILLIAMS: Where they attacked the synagogue.
>> Yeah, but it's, like, you know, when Halle happened, they started to discuss, and the most they discussed was why he just killed two people.
And it was something like, "If I would do that, I would kill more-- I would kill hundreds."
They support it.
And by supporting it, they, they give the signal to, to people in that groups, "Do it, it's okay to do it."
>> WILLIAMS: Katharina publishes what she finds online, and that's made her a target for the far right.
>> (speaking German): >> WILLIAMS: Two years ago, those threats intensified.
An underground far-right band released a song calling for her to be killed.
>> (speaking German): (song playing) >> (singing in German): >> (speaking German): >> (singing in German): (singer cackling, song ends) >> WILLIAMS: How does it affect your daily life?
>> (exhales) I stopped trusting people just by face.
People look at me, it's, like... (exhales): "Okay, who it is?
Do I know him?
What sign on his car?"
It's, like, everything.
Kind of paranoid sometimes.
>> WILLIAMS: Do you ever seek or get police protection?
>> WILLIAMS: Why?
>> I don't want.
(chuckling) (speaking German): ♪ ♪ >> WILLIAMS: Katharina told me her fears are based on a series of scandals that have recently rocked Germany.
And provided evidence that far-right extremists have infiltrated the German police and military.
So this is their own information that you accessed through the hard drive.
>> WILLIAMS: Investigative journalist Dirk Laabs has obtained a hard drive containing thousands of photos, maps, and plans.
>> And some of them are professional soldiers, as you can see.
>> WILLIAMS: Wow.
The photos show men in uniform on military-style maneuvers.
What's this, this... in camouflage?
>> Yes, this is in camouflage.
>> WILLIAMS: And scaling bridges.
That's training to take the bridge.
>> Since the Second World War, there are, like, compartments underneath the bridges where you can blown them up.
So when the Russians are coming, you blow them up, right?
And you can actually see it here.
So that's why they're going under it.
They look like serious guys.
>> WILLIAMS: The men were members of a secret group of soldiers, police, and civilians.
The group was led by a former paratrooper and police sniper named Marko Gross.
It was called Nordkreuz-- Northern Cross-- and in 2015, they began to mobilize for something big.
>> You can see a real dynamic.
They're really busy.
So the one thing they're doing is setting up digital communication.
You know, their Telegram chat groups.
They started to look for safe houses to be safe on a "special day," to meet, to have, you know, weapons and ammunition to maybe fight other troops.
So it was really thought through-- it was a military operation.
>> WILLIAMS: Nordkreuz had grown out of an online chat group set up to support ex-soldiers.
Many met during official army or police training at a shooting range in northern Germany.
But with the mass influx of refugees in 2015, Nordkreuz had morphed into something different.
Laabs obtained private chats between alleged members of the group.
>> We can really see that these guys are hardcore neo-Nazis, you know?
It's a lot of racism.
One meme they were sending around, we can see a soldier in the Second World War shooting hostages, and they basically imply you should do the same thing with migrants.
>> WILLIAMS: Many of the messages focused on preparing for something called Day X, a future day when the state collapses in chaos and the far right can step in and take control.
>> This is, like, a card they were passing out for Day X, for, you know, the "soldiers," so they know where to meet.
I found, like, very specific instructions for the Day X.
Where to... Like military instructions: where to meet, code words, the channels they would use to communicate, the signs they would show, you know, how to pass a roadblock.
And I spoke to other witnesses, and they said they had meetings where they would talk about that they will take over military, military units in Germany on that day.
>> WILLIAMS: It wasn't until 2017 that German anti-terrorist police stumbled on the existence of Nordkreuz while questioning an army reservist in a separate case.
They raided the homes of several members and found tens of thousands of rounds of ammunition, Nazi memorabilia, and lists of enemies.
>> (speaking German): >> WILLIAMS: Marko Gross, the alleged Nordkreuz leader, was caught with a huge stockpile of ammunition, much of which had been stolen from the police and army.
>> They found several 10,000 rounds of ammunition.
They found weapons, they found an Uzi, they found stun grenades, they found all sorts of stuff.
He was ready to fight a war, that's for sure.
>> WILLIAMS: But federal prosecutors did not charge him with terror offenses.
Instead, state prosecutors convicted him on a charge of illegal weapons possession.
He received a 21-month suspended sentence, and emerged to celebrate with his supporters.
>> (softly): Danke.
>> WILLIAMS: Dirk Laabs asked state prosecutors why terrorism charges weren't pursued.
>> That's the $1 million question.
If you asked the prosecutors, they were going to tell you, "Not enough evidence."
But I talked to a lot of other prosecutors, and they said they don't get it.
Here you have a guy who is looking for safe houses, who's exchanging radical, you know, views that are, you know, in his chats, who is stealing ammunition from the police.
And still you don't charge him for terrorism.
Let's be crystal-clear: if you have an Islamist, a jihadi, doing the same thing, he would go to jail, okay?
I mean, that's, it's, it's just, you know, clear as day.
>> WILLIAMS: Stephan Kramer, the state intelligence chief, told us prosecutors and the courts have not taken Nordkreuz and other cases like it seriously enough.
>> Look, it's usually not very popular for someone from one agency and security branch to criticize some other.
But the fact is that if we are warning as intelligence agencies for certain threats, if the police is warning and taking executive measures to take out those threats, and then in the third branch, the justice system, judiciary system, the court system, basically belittles it, plays it down and doesn't see this threat, and takes the necessary measures-- hard measures-- to hit the brakes, basically, then our work is useless.
(phone ringing out) >> (speaking German): >> WILLIAMS: We tried to get Marko Gross to agree to an interview.
It's a chance to explain to us what Nordkreuz was all about.
He's told reporters in Germany the group was just "prepping" in case social order broke down.
♪ ♪ But witness statements suggest something far more serious was going on.
One Nordkreuz member told police the group was discussing assassination plots.
>> There were people within that group, according to at least one witness, who thought that that moment of the collapse of the public order might be a good opportunity to get rid of some political enemies.
>> WILLIAMS: "New York Times" Berlin bureau chief Katrin Bennhold has investigated the case and read the witness statements.
>> There was a kind of pivotal meeting at a highway truck stop, where a handful of people, including Marko, the police sniper, a couple of reservists, another police officer, and a lawyer, got together after work.
And the conversation turned to Day X.
And according to this witness statement, the lawyer and the other police officer in particular were mentioning or were asking questions of the reservists, who had access to military gear, they're saying, "Well, could we source trucks on Day X to transport our political enemies?"
And they were all people listed in two fat files that the lawyer kept in his garage, and this witness had seen them with his own eyes, that these people would be gathered, um, transported, and then they would be killed-- the idea would be to kill them.
>> WILLIAMS: Based on the witness statements, federal prosecutors opened a terrorism case against the lawyer and one of the police officers.
Marko Gross is now a witness in that case.
(passing traffic) Since Nordkreuz, Germany has been hit by a wave of further revelations about right-wing extremism in the military.
In May 2020, on a tip-off, police searched the home of Philipp Schaaf, a highly decorated member of the elite special forces, the KSK.
They found neo-Nazi material.
They also found he had thousands of rounds of army ammunition and four pounds of explosives buried in his garden.
>> He has a right-wing mindset.
There's no doubt about that.
And so, if a soldier like this, with his military education, holds this amount of ammunition and also two kilos of, like, highly explosive material from the army, that is raising alarm bells.
>> WILLIAMS: Matthias Gebauer specializes in covering the army for the weekly magazine "Der Spiegel."
>> What we all think why he hid this was-- and that is what these guys talked about in their chat groups-- was, you know, some sort of private cache, if something happens here, if we want to, or if we need to take control of the streets or whatever.
So the possible, the danger is immense.
His military leaders, they came as witnesses in the court.
They said he was the role model of a good soldier.
He was, like, one of the best of us-- I mean, it's quite shocking, especially when you think about, these witnesses knew what he did.
I think, at least, I mean, it gave me the shivers, but... >> WILLIAMS: Like with Marko Gross, Schaaf was only charged with weapons offenses rather than terrorism.
He was found guilty, and sentenced to two years' probation.
He was also suspended from the army pending an inquiry.
Schaaf's lawyer rejected any link between the stolen ammunition and extremism.
>> (speaking German): ♪ ♪ >> WILLIAMS: We wanted to talk to the German Defense Ministry about far-right extremism in the ranks.
They wouldn't agree to an interview, but in a statement said, "Extremism in any form has no place" in the military, and that their goal is to remove "both recognized extremists and persons who are not loyal to the constitution."
Last year, the defense minister disbanded the KSK unit Schaaf was a member of, and introduced reforms aimed at combating the issue, including education and training.
(indistinct chatter) >> WILLIAMS: In May 2021, another trial connected to both Nordkreuz and the German military.
This time, it was a terrorism case.
(cameras clicking) Franco Albrecht, an army officer, was charged with plotting an act of terror against the state.
>> (speaking German) >> WILLIAMS: Police had arrested him in 2017 as he retrieved a loaded pistol he had hidden in a toilet at Vienna airport.
What's your defense for getting, for getting a weapon?
What's your defense for this?
>> And after many hours of interrogation, they let him go, but they fingerprinted him.
They realized these fingerprints weren't registered to a military officer, they were registered to a Syrian refugee, at which point they really did get concerned.
And the intelligence service got involved, and the prosecutors, the federal prosecutors, got involved.
♪ ♪ >> WILLIAMS: The prosecutors discovered that Albrecht had posed as a Syrian refugee for a year.
They allege he wanted to use this false identity in a bizarre plot to bring about Day X.
>> They believe that he had created this fake refugee identity in order to commit an attack that would then be blamed on a refugee and trigger some kind of crisis that would be big enough, certainly to affect government policy on migration, and possibly affect the stability of the state-- bring down, bring down the republic.
>> WILLIAMS: Investigators discovered evidence that Albrecht was linked to a nationwide online far-right network focused on Day X of which Nordkreuz was just one part.
>> (speaking German): >> (speaking German) >> WILLIAMS: The prosecutors opened the trial saying Albrecht had a "particular aversion to people of the Jewish faith," and that he feared mixing of the races would exterminate what he called ethnically pure Germans.
>> Prosecutors in their indictment make the case that Franco has a hardened far-right mindset.
The most compelling evidence is a kind of audio diary of his thoughts, if you will.
A voice memo from the 3rd of July, 2015: "Hitler is above all things, above all things.
Hitler is a creator of honest work.
Anything that makes Hitler bad is a lie."
So that's what he said about Hitler, um, which sounds very damning.
He said it was all in jest and just a joke.
When I was listening to the audio, I wasn't entirely convinced that it was just a joke.
>> WILLIAMS: Police also found a diary in which Albrecht named several high-ranking politicians who they say he was planning to kill.
This part of the diary named the foreign minister, Heiko Maas, and Anetta Kahane, the Jewish head of an anti-racism advocacy group.
It had this sketch of the carpark used by Kahane and photos of number plates.
Albrecht pled not guilty, and said he simply found the gun in a park.
>> (speaking German): (indistinct chatter) >> WILLIAMS: Albrecht told me he had nothing to do with Nordkreuz and denied Day X was part of any terror plan.
As I understand it, there are messages that connect you to Nordkreuz.
>> WILLIAMS: You deny that?
>> In some way, they try to find explanation for things they couldn't understand.
>> WILLIAMS: Right.
>> So they put them together, but in reality, they don't have anything to do with each other.
>> WILLIAMS: In the messaging, there's discussion of Day X.
>> Day X is nothing special.
You talk everywhere around the world about Day X, if you mean something, something special.
>> WILLIAMS: What do you think by it?
What do you see Day X being?
>> Well, Day X, what I understood what Day X was, when... By the way, we never talked about Day X as something... extraordinary or something.
It was, I think, if... Firstly, I don't remember anyone using this term.
I don't remember anyone.
Somehow it happens that in the media, they talk about this Day X, and if you talk about it tomorrow, it's a test in school, a physical education test-- then it's Day X.
>> WILLIAMS: It's a phrase for something that doesn't mean necessarily the downfall of a state... >> No, no, no, no, no.
>> WILLIAMS: But Albrecht admitted to me that he did know the man behind the nationwide network of far-right chat groups that includes Nordkreuz, a former KSK soldier called Hannibal.
>> I spoke with people who said Franco Albrecht was present in meetings with Hannibal, even in Hannibal's private apartment, two to three times, and they were talking about weapons.
And they talk about taking over military garrisons on the Day X, and Franco Albrecht is present.
And after some of these meetings, he comes up with this idea, either by himself or inspired by this group, to register himself as a refugee, and he tells the story, he just wanted to point out that the whole system in Germany isn't working, they're accepting too many refugees.
But really, what they're talking about in this meeting, if you look at the communication of Hannibal, it seems to be, like, they're thinking about, "Can we wait for the Day X to come by itself?
Or do we have to do something?"
♪ ♪ >> WILLIAMS: There are now some 800 members of the German military, including some in Hannibal's network, under investigation for far-right extremism.
>> I'm afraid that what we discovered so far-- again, here, I'm coming with my iceberg example-- is just a peek.
And there is more to be discovered.
I am not afraid that the vast majority of servicemen and women are considered or have to be considered to be part of these networks-- that's not the case.
But we have severe numbers that we should be worried about and we should find out immediately, and very quickly, who they are, what their goals are, and if we don't identify those people who are among those who are a threat, we will get a very, probably a very bad, another wake-up call that is probably even more lethal than the ones that we already got.
♪ ♪ (indistinct chatter) >> Fatih Saracoglu.
Said Nesar Hashemi.
♪ ♪ >> Homegrown extremism has reared its ugly head again.
>> WILLIAMS: In February 2020, four months after the Halle attack, another atrocity-- this time in the city of Hanau.
>> At least ten people were killed after a deadly terror attack in a town east of Frankfurt.
>> Many of the victims are said to have been of Turkish and Kurdish descent.
>> (speaking German): >> WILLIAMS: Armin Kurtovic's son Hamza was in the Arena Bar.
>> (speaking German): >> WILLIAMS: Nine people were shot dead.
All of migrant background.
Six of them were Muslim.
The killer returned to his home, where he shot his mother then himself.
>> If you don't believe the following, you better wake up, quick.
>> WILLIAMS: In the weeks before the shootings, Tobias Rathjen posted this video of himself repeating wild conspiracy theories and this manifesto online.
He rants against immigrants, saying Muslims should be wiped out in Germany.
>> (speaking German): (woman speaking indistinctly) >> (speaking German): >> WILLIAMS: Once a month, Armin Kurtovic joins other relatives of the victims at this memorial.
>> (speaking German): >> WILLIAMS: Why do you come here every month?
>> (speaking German): >> WILLIAMS: Even though the shooter killed himself, relatives are campaigning for a public inquiry.
(indistinct chatter) >> WILLIAMS: A federal police review of the case that we obtained shows that in the weeks leading up to the attack, Rathjen had sent his racist manifesto to the authorities on more than one occasion.
>> (speaking German): >> (speaking German): >> WILLIAMS: In the year since the killings, the rhetoric behind them has continued, increasingly stoked by far-right politicians.
>> (speaking German): ♪ ♪ >> (speaking German) >> WILLIAMS: In Frankfurt, the Franco Albrecht trial continues.
>> (speaking German) >> WILLIAMS: In Stuttgart, the Group S trial continues.
And new far-right plots are being discovered almost every week.
>> (speaking German): >> WILLIAMS: Germany's intelligence agencies admit they are struggling to keep up.
>> We have had the attack on the Halle synagogue, we had the Hanau attack, we had the shooting and the brutal killing of Director Lübcke, all done by Nazis.
♪ ♪ We have seen underground armies preparing for Day X, when they take over and destroy the democracy.
It's not just dangerous because we have blood on the sidewalks.
It's also dangerous because it goes to the roots of the tree, because it goes to the democratic system.
>> (speaking German): >> Go to pbs.org/frontline for an interview with correspondent Evan Williams.
>> I'm now investigating what's driving this surge of hate in Germany and whether the authorities are doing enough to confront it.
>> And for a look at Germany's current laws on anti-Semitism and hate speech.
Check out "Frontline's" reporting on extremism in America.
Connect with "Frontline" on Facebook, Instagram, Twitter and TikTok and stream anytime on the PBS App or pbs.org/frontline.
♪ ♪ >> For more on this and other "Frontline" programs, visit our website at pbs.org/frontline.
♪ ♪ "Frontline's" "Germany's Neo-Nazis and the Far Right" is available on Amazon Prime Video.